Genesis 3:14-17: The Final result.

“14 So the Lord God said to the snake, ‘Because you have done this,

‘Cursed are you above all livestock
    and all wild animals!
You will crawl on your belly
    and you will eat dust
    all the days of your life.
15 And I will put enmity
    between you and the woman,
    and between your offspring and hers;
he will crush your head,
    and you will strike his heel.’

16 To the woman he said,

‘I will make your pains in childbearing very severe;
    with painful labour you will give birth to children.
Your desire will be for your husband,
    and he will rule over you.’

17 To Adam he said, ‘Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, “You must not eat from it,”

‘Cursed is the ground because of you;
    through painful toil you will eat food from it
    all the days of your life.” NIV 


We saw yesterday that Adam and Eve engaged in a ‘passing the buck’ exercise. But the Lord God wouldn’t allow them to get away with it. In His words recorded here, he showed that Adam and Eve both carried responsibility for what had happened, and they would have to bear the consequences. But He started with the serpent. Adam and Eve sinned and were held responsible. But there would not have been any sin apart from temptation; and there would not have been temptation but for the Tempter. God turned His fire on him first of all.  In verse 15 there is a remarkable early prophecy of what was to take place at the cross. It is often referred to as the ‘protoevangelion’ – the first announcing of the good news. The final score was being read this early on in the game. The outcome was not in doubt – even back then. Yes, there would be intervening years of spiritual conflict, but the Messiah come and would be victorious.


‘God passes sentence; and he begins where the sin began, with the serpent. The devil’s instruments must share in the devil’s punishments. Under the cover of the serpent, the devil is sentenced to be degraded and accursed of God; detested and abhorred of all mankind: also to be destroyed and ruined at last by the great Redeemer, signified by the breaking of his head. War is proclaimed between the Seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent. It is the fruit of this enmity, that there is a continual warfare between grace and corruption, in the hearts of God’s people. Satan, by their corruptions, buffets them, sifts them, and seeks to devour them. Heaven and hell can never be reconciled, nor light and darkness; no more can Satan and a sanctified soul. Also, there is a continual struggle between the wicked and the godly in this world. A gracious promise is here made of Christ, as the Deliverer of fallen man from the power of Satan. Here was the drawn of the gospel day: no sooner was the wound given, than the remedy was provided and revealed. This gracious revelation of a Saviour came unasked, and unlooked for. Without a revelation of mercy, giving some hope of forgiveness, the convinced sinner would sink into despair, and be hardened. By faith in this promise, our first parents, and the patriarchs before the flood, were justified and saved.’ Matthew Henry Concise Commentary.